SpringCloud Gateway拦截器遇到的小坑汇总

很多朋友在使用SpringCloudGateway的时候可能都碰到过以下几个问题

SpringCloudGateway中如何读取Post请求体
    private BodyInserter getBodyInserter(ServerWebExchange exchange) {
        ServerRequest serverRequest = new DefaultServerRequest(exchange);
        Mono<String> modifiedBody = serverRequest.bodyToMono(String.class)
                .flatMap(body -> {
                   //这里的body就是Post的请求体
                });
        BodyInserter bodyInserter = BodyInserters.fromPublisher(modifiedBody, String.class);
        return bodyInserter;
    }
SpringCloudGateway中Post请求参数只能读取一次

这是因为Gateway默认使用的是SpringWebflux,解决这个问题需要容重新构造一个request来替换原先的request

        HttpHeaders headers=new HttpHeaders();
        CachedBodyOutputMessage outputMessage = new CachedBodyOutputMessage(exchange, headers);
        ServerHttpRequestDecorator decorator = this.getServerHttpRequestDecorator(exchange,outputMessage);
       ServerHttpRequestDecorator decorator = new ServerHttpRequestDecorator(
                exchange.getRequest()) {
            @Override
            public Flux<DataBuffer> getBody() {
                return outputMessage.getBody();
            }
        };

当ServerHttpRequestDecorator构建完成之后需要在拦截器中使用如下方法替换原先的request

                    return chain.filter(exchange.mutate().request(decorator).build());

SpringCloudGateway中如何读取后段服务的返回数据

与上方替换request的思路一致,替换response即可

private ServerHttpResponse getServerHttpResponse(ServerWebExchange exchange) {
        ServerHttpResponse originalResponse = exchange.getResponse();
        DataBufferFactory bufferFactory = originalResponse.bufferFactory();
        ServerHttpResponseDecorator decoratedResponse = new ServerHttpResponseDecorator(originalResponse) {


            @Override
            public Mono<Void> writeWith(Publisher<? extends DataBuffer> body) {

                Flux<DataBuffer> flux = null;
                if (body instanceof Mono) {
                    Mono<? extends DataBuffer> mono = (Mono<? extends DataBuffer>) body;
                    body = mono.flux();

                }
                if (body instanceof Flux) {
                    flux = (Flux<DataBuffer>) body;
                    return super.writeWith(flux.buffer().map(dataBuffers -> {
                        ByteArrayOutputStream outputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
                        dataBuffers.forEach(i -> {
                            byte[] array = new byte[i.readableByteCount()];
                            i.read(array);
                            DataBufferUtils.release(i);
                            outputStream.write(array, 0, array.length);
                        });
                        String result = outputStream.toString();
                        try {
                            if (outputStream != null) {
                                outputStream.close();
                            }
                        } catch (IOException e) {
                            e.printStackTrace();
                        }
                        log.info("后端返回数据:{}", result);
                        return bufferFactory.wrap(result.getBytes());
                    }));
                }

                log.info("降级处理返回数据:{}" + body);
                return super.writeWith(body);
            }

        };
        return decoratedResponse;
    }

上方是获取新的response,获取到新的之后和之前的套路一样,这样操作:

                    return chain.filter(exchange.mutate().request(decorator).response(decoratedResponse).build());

可能有的同学会碰到即使按照我上述的方法重写了response但是也无法读取到返回数据,这个原因可能是因为拦截器的优先级配置有问题,只需要实现Ordered接口并且重写getOrder方法,然后设置优先级小于-1即可

@Override
    public int getOrder() {
        return -2;
    }

推荐阅读更多精彩内容